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Cell Referencing In Excel 2007

Cell referencing is a methodology in which the user can give reference to a particular cell in a sheet or to another sheet or a workbook can give reference to a particular cell in a sheet or to another sheet or a workbook. There are two types of cell referencing: 1. Relative cell referencing 2. Absolute cell referencing Relative cell referencing: while doing a relative cell referencing when you copy to another cell the formula will change relative to that cell address. Absolute cell referencing: while doing an absolute cell referencing when you copy the formula to another cell the formula will NOT change relative to that cell address. The formula remains constant to the cell which the user has made an absolute reference. Below Dummy Essentials explains both the formats of cell referencing. Relative & Absolute cell referencing: Example: If salary of people A to D is to be apportioned into savings on the percentage decided, Then we need to keep the percentage same (absolute) and the salary needs to change for every person (relative). Hence when entering the formula we need to lock the cell address of the percentage of savings. A cell can be locked by using the “$” symbol in the formula.

In the above formula we can see that the cell E5 has been locked which will keep the cell E6 as an absolute cell reference. Now once you copy the formula below the respective salaries will get multiplied to the cell E6. The cell E6 does not change once you copy the formula below.

In a given case if you need to provide the savings of the highest salary to the fixed percentage you need to do an absolute cell referencing i.e. both the cells needs to be fixed.

Now where ever you copy this formula you will get the same value in all the cells. Its primarily because both the cells have been made an absolute reference.

The logic and concept behind making a cell absolute and relative is the row and the column address in the cell. Any row or column can be made absolute and relative. For instance you want to keep the column same but need to change the rows put a “$” sign before the column name only.

In the above picture you can see the “$” sign is only stated. Now once the formula is copied in the next column “F” as well the values do not change. It happens because the column reference has been made a absolute.

The same can also be done for rows as well. And now that you have followed it all, you are an expert in cell referencing.


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